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World Owl Trust - leading the World in Owl Conservation
Wednesday 1st October, 2014

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Spectacled Owl
Pulsatrix perspicillata
Spectacled Owl - Pulsatrix perspicillata
Spectacled Owl - Pulsatrix perspicillata
As of February 2005.
Description Largish, earless owl with distinctive white spectacles, on a dark brown facial disk. Dark brown above, yellowish-buff below with broad chocolate coloured chest band and white throat.
Size 41-52cm, 590-980g
Range From S Mexico through Central America, and South America east of Andes to Bolivia and N Argentina.
Habitat Dense tropical and sub-tropical forest, also plantations.
Food Small mammals and birds, also bats, frogs, reptiles and insects.
Breeding April-June, in tree cavity. 2-3 eggs incubated for about 35 days. Young leave nest by 6 weeks (usually only 1 survives) but can remain with parents for up to a year.
Call Deep, descending series of knocking notes becoming faster and weaker towards the end.
Status Not globally threatened, and may be locally common. Extensive deforestation may be effecting this species in some areas.
Comments In the UK captive breeding is managed by a stud book for this species. At the Owl Centre (the WORLD OWL TRUST’s headquarters in Cumbria, UK) we have been so successful at breeding this bird that we now have to try to prevent breeding for the time being, to prevent our blood lines being over represented. Unfortunately most of the birds in the UK are mixed races.
Races The last three races listed are poorly differentiated and may not be valid sub-species.
P.p.perspicillata NW South America to E Peru and Brazil
P.p.saturata S Mexico to N Costa Rica and W Panama
P.p.chapmani E Costa Rica to NW Ecuador
P.p.trinitatis Trinidad
P.p.boliviana Bolivia to N Argentina
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The World Owl Trust is a member of BIAZA
The World Owl Trust is a member of the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA) and the European Association of Zoos and Aquariums (EAZA). The Trust relies on a dedicated membership, visitors, donations and legacies.
The World Owl Trust is a member of EAZA

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